The Book

Imagining Toronto book cover

Imagining Toronto (Mansfield Press, fall 2010) is available at most bookstores and online through Mansfield Press, Amazon or Chapters.

Imagining Toronto was shortlisted for the 2010 Gabrielle Roy Prize in Canadian literary criticism and won the Award of Merit, the highest honour given to a book at the 2011 Heritage Toronto Awards.

Upcoming Events

25-26 February 2012: "Going Native: Reclaiming Aboriginal Identity in Toronto Literature," “Landscapes of Difference, Espaces de Difference, Raume der Differenz” conference (Session: The Politcs of Place: Urban Sites of Contestation), Canadian Studies Association in German-speaking countries (GKS). Grainau, Germany.

Thursday 15 March 2012: Guest lecture, "The Imagined City," ARC 120, Contemporary Architecture. Daniels Faculty of Architecture, University of Toronto; Isabel Bader Theatre, 9:45-11:00 am.

Wednesday 4 April 2012: "Representing Toronto: Mapping the Role of the Artist in the Contemporary City. Panel discussion. Presented by Koffler Gallery in partnership with Diaspora Dialogues. 80 Spadina Ave., Suite 503; 7:00 pm.

Sunday 22 April 2012: Reading from Acts of Salvage at the Draft Reading Series. Details TBA.

Thursday 3 May 2012: "Literary Bodies." Panel discussion as part of Bodies in the City, a symposium of the Jackman Humanities Institute at the University of Toronto.

Thursday 17 May 2012: "Imagining Toronto the Wild" at the Toronto Botanical Garden. Inaugural lecture of the TBG's new HortiCULTURE salon series.

Recent Events

Tuesday 18 October 2011, 7:00-8:30 pm: Will the Real Cabbagetown Please Stand Up?: Regent Park, St. Jamestown and Cabbagetown in the Literary Imagination. Parliament Branch (269 Gerrard St. E.)

Saturday 1 October 2011, 2:00-3:30 pm: The Masseys and the Masses: Social and Spatial Ascendency in Rosedale and Forest Hill. Forest Hill Branch (700 Eglinton Ave. W.)

Tuesday 27 September 2011, 7:00-8:30 pm: From Streetcar Suburb to Multicultural Community: Riverdale in the Literary Imagination. Riverdale Branch, Toronto Public Library (370 Broadview Ave.)

Click here for past events.

Toronto History and Culture

The following is a list of scholarly and popular works focusing on local history and culture, literature and place, cultural geography, city planning and urban design. Many of the materials engage with Toronto specifically; others deal more broadly with cities, literature or society and space. These materials are available through most university libraries. Also listed are a number of popular non-fiction books about Toronto and a number of literary biographies of Toronto writers.

Beyond the following list, two excellent online inventories of published works on Toronto culture and history are Michael Doucet’s Bibliography on Immigration and Settlement in the Toronto Area, Second Edition (CERIS, 2003) and Carl Benn’s Bibliography of Toronto History Published Since 1990, Sixth Revised and Expanded Edition (City of Toronto, 2006).

These materials are useful if you are interested in the broader context of Toronto literature, its motifs and cultural underpinnings.

If you are interested in a loosely curated collection of books organized by neighbourhood, cultural community, genre or social condition, please view the Literary Neighbourhoods page.

Permission to make use of this bibliography, in whole or in part, for any purpose other than personal use or non-commercial  academic research, shall be obtained in advance in writing.

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Adams, Mary L., 1994. Almost Anything Can Happen: a Search for Sexual Discourse in the Urban Spaces of 1940s Toronto. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 19(3): 217-232.

Allen, Robert Thomas, 1961. When Toronto was for Kids. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Algoo-Bakish, Stella, 1994. Austin C. Clarke: A Biography. Toronto: ECW Press.

Amiel, Barbara and Lorraine Monk, 1983. Celebrate our City: Toronto 150th Anniversary. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Anderson, Bewnedict, 2006. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Revised edition. London; New York: Verso.

Andre, John, 1967. William Berczy: Co-Founder of Toronto. York, ON: The Borough of York (A Canada Centennial Project).

Anisef, Paul and Michael Lanphier, eds., 2003. The World in a City. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Armstrong, Christopher and H.V. Nelles, 1977. The Revenge of the Methodist Bicycle Company. Toronto: Peter Martin Associates. [reissued by Oxford University Press in 2011]

Armstrong, Jackson W., ed., 2004. Seven Eggs Today: The Diaries of Mary Armstrong, 1859 and 1869. Waterloo, ON: Wilfred Laurier University Press.

Arthur, Eric [revised by Stephen A. Otto], 2003. Toronto: No Mean City. 3rd ed, revised. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Bachelard, Gaston, trans. Maria Jolas [1964] 1994. The Poetics of Space. Boston: Beacon Press.

Baillie, Joan Parkhill, ed., 1985. Look at the Record: An Album of Toronto’s Lyric Theatres, 1825-1984. Oakville, ON: Mosaic Press.

Bain, Alison L., 2006. Resisting the creation of forgotten places: artistic production in Toronto neighbourhoods. Canadian Geographer, 50(4): 417-.

Ball, John Clement, 2004. Imagining London: Postcolonial Fiction and the Transnational Metropolis. Toronto: University of Toronto press.

Bannerji, Himani, 2000. The Dark Side of the Nation: Essays on Nationalism, Multiculturalism and Gender. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press.

Barnes, T.J. and J. Duncan, eds., 1992. Writing Worlds: Discourse, Text, and Metaphor in the Representation of Landscape. London: Routledge.

Barry, Peter, 2000. Contemporary British Poetry and the City. Manchester; New York: Manchester University Press.

Baskerville, Peter and Eric W. Sager, 1998. Unwilling Idlers: The Urban Unemployed and their Families in Late Victorian Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Batten, Jack, 2004. The Annex: The Story of a Toronto Neighbourhood. Boston Mills Press.

Bebout, Richard, 1972. The Open Gate: Toronto Union Station. Toronto: Peter Martin Associates.

Bell, Margaret, July 1913. “’Toronto’s Melting Pot.” The Canadian Magazine of Politics, Science, Art and Literature, vol. XLI: 234-242.

Benn, Carl, 1993. Historic Fort York: 1793-1993. Toronto: Natural Heritage / Natural History.

Bentley, D.M.R., 2005 (presumed date). “Me and the City That’s Never Happened Before: Dionne Brand in Toronto”. In D.M.R. Bentley, Canadian Architexts: Essays on Literature and Architecture in Canada, 1759-2005. Chapter 14. Canadian Poetry Press. Electronically accessible at http://www.uwo.ca/english/canadianpoetry/architexts/essays/brand.htm

Bentley, D.M.R., 2005 (presumed date). “The Centre in the Square: Civic Spaces and Places”. In D.M.R. Bentley, Canadian Architexts: Essays on Literature and Architecture in Canada, 1759-2005. Chapter 6. Canadian Poetry Press. Electronically accessible at http://www.uwo.ca/english/canadianpoetry/architexts/essays/centre_in_the_square.htm

Berchem, F.R., 1977. The Yonge Street Story, 1793-1860. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.

Berman, Marshall, 1982. All that is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity. London; New York: Verso. (selections; e.g., from parts III, IV and V)

Berns-McGown, 1999. Muslims in the Diaspora: The Somali Communities of London and Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Betts, Gregory, 2007. Lawren Harris in the Ward: His Urban Poetry and Paintings. Toronto: Exile Editions.

Bhabha, Homi, [1994] 2004. The Location of Culture. London; New York: Routledge Classics.

Bissell, Claude, 1981. The Young Vincent Massey. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Bissell, Claude, 1986. The Imperial Canadian: Vincent Massey in Office. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Bissoondath, Neil, 1994. Selling Illusions: The Cult of Multiculturalism in Canada. Toronto: Penguin.

Blair, Sara, 1998. Cultural Geography and the Place of the Literary. In American Literary History, 19(3): 544-567.

Bonis, Robert R. ed., 1968. A History of Scarborough. Scarborough: Scarborough Public Library.

Boudreau, Julie-Anne, Roger Keil and Douglas Young, 2009. Changing Toronto: Governing Urban Neoliberalism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Boylen, J.C., 1959. The Story of Castle Frank. Toronto: Rous & Mann.

Bradley, Jessica and Gillian MacKay, eds., 2001. House Guests: The Grange 1817 To Today. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario.

Bridge, Gary and Sophie Watson, eds., 2002. A Companion to the City. Blackwell.

Bridgeman, Rae, 2006. StreetCities: Rehousing the Homeless. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Brooker, Peter, 2002. Modernity and Metropolis: Writing, Film, and Urban Formations. New York: Palgrave.

Brown, Rob, 1997. Toronto’s Lost Villages. Toronto: Polar Bear Press.

Brym, Robert J, William Shaffir and M. Weinfeld, 1993. The Jews in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Bull, Jeoffrey S., 1998. Giving the Sickness a Name: Reading Timothy Findley’s Headhunter and Walker Percy’s The Thanatos Syndrome as Diagnostic Fictions. Journal of Canadian Studies, 33(4): 153-165.

Burke, Nancy, 2003. Cityscapes – Canadian Urban Space as Portrayed in Selected Fiction and Non-Fiction. In Place and Location: Studies in Environmental Aesthetics and Semiotics III, (pp: 303-312) eds. Virve Sarapik and Kadri Tuur. Estonia: The Research Group of Cultural and Literary Theory, Estonian Literary Museum Institute of Art History, Estonian Academy of Arts, Estonian Semiotics Association. Available electronically at http://www.eki.ee/km/place/koht_3.htm .

Burnham, Clint, 1991. Allegories of Publishing: The Toronto Small Press Scene. Toronto: Streetcar Editions, Streetcar Number Eleven.

Burnett, David, 1983. Toronto Painting of the 1960s. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario.

Burr, Christina, 1999. Spreading the Light: Work and Labour Reform in Late-Nineteenth-Century Toronto. Toronto; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press.

Burrill, William, 1994. Hemingway: The Toronto Years. Toronto: Doubleday.

Byers, Mary, Jan Kennedy, Margaret McBurney, Junior League of Toronto, 1976. Rural Roots: Pre-Confederation Buildings of the York Region of Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Byrtus, Nancy, Mark Fram, and Michael McClelland, eds., 2000. East/West: A Guide to Where People Live in Toronto. Toronto: Coach House Books.

Cabbagetown Preservation Association, 1992. Touring Old Cabbagetown. Toronto: Cabbagetown Preservation Association.

Cain, Stephen, 2002. Imprinting identities: An examination of the emergence and developing identities of Coach House Press and House of Anansi Press (1967-1982). Unpublished PhD dissertation. York University.

Cain, Stephen, 2005. Mapping Raymond Souster’s Toronto. In The Canadian Modernists Meet, ed. Dean Irvine. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 59-75.

Cain, Stephen, 2006. Annexing a space for poetry in the new Toronto, in The State of the Arts: Living with Culture in Toronto, ed. Alana Wilcox, Christina Palassio, and Jonny Dovercourt. Toronto: Coach House Books. Pages 90-99.

Caldwell, Rebecca, 2005. “CanLit’s latest hero:Toronto” Globe & Mail, Saturday April 30, 2005, page M4.

Calvino, Italo, [1972] trans. William Weaver, 1974. Invisible Cities. Orlando, FL: Harcourt.

Campbell, Peter, 2010. Rose Henderson: A Woman for the People. Montreal; Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Canadian Geographer. Scholarly journal published quarterly since 1950. At York University: Scott Library ==> G 1 C28 (print edition available at York only up to vol. 47); also available electronically through York library system.

Canadian Literature. Scholarly journal. At York University: Scott Library ==> PS 8001 C252. Canadian Literature has a website at http://www.canlit.ca/index.html which includes abstratcs of many of the articles.

Capponi, Pat, 1999. The War at Home: An Intimate Portrait of Canada’s Poor. Toronto: Penguin. See also Pat Capponi’s memoirs and novel, listed above under Literary Works.

Careless, J.M.S., 1991. Ontario: A Celebration of our Heritage. Denver, Colorado: Heritage House Publications. [has some commentary on Toronto]

Carroll, Jock, 1981. The Life & Times of Greg Clark. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. [biography]

Carter, Robert Terence, 2011. Stories of Newmarket: An Old Ontario Town. Toronto: Dundurn.

Caulfield, Jon, 1992. Augurs of “Gentrification”: City Houses of Four Canadian Painters. In A Few Acres of Snow: Literary and Artistic Images of Canada, eds. Paul Simpson-Housley and Glen Norcliffe, pages 189-202. Toronto: Dundurn.

Caulfield, Jon, 1994. City Form and Everyday Life: Toronto’s Gentrification and Critical Social Practice. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Caws, Mary Ann, ed., 1991. City Images: Perspectives from Literature, Philosophy, and Film. UK: Routledge.

Chan, Arlene, 2011. The Chinese in Toronto from 1878: From Outside to Inside the Circle. Toronto: Dundurn.

Chariandy, David John, 2002. Land to light on: Black Canadian literature and the language of belonging (George Elliott Clarke, Austin Clarke, Dionne Brand). Unpublished PhD dissertation. York University.

Chen, Xiaobei, 2005. Tending the Gardens of Citizenship: Child Saving in Toronto, 1880s-1920s. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Chinese Canadian National Council, 1992. Jin Guo: Voices of Chinese Canadian Women. Toronto: Women’s Book Committee, Chinese Canadian National Council.

Chrisl, Rudi and William Kilbourn, 1975. Toronto in Words and Pictures. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Chrisl, Rudi and David Crombie, 1999. Toronto: The Celebration. Toronto: Aura One Publications.

City. Analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action. Scholarly journal published three times per year since 1996. At York University: Scott Library ==> HT 165.5 C57; also available electronically through York library system (2000 onward).

City of Toronto, ed., 1959. Toronto ’59: One Hundred and Twenty Fifth Anniversary. Toronto: printed by Clement Saila & Co. Ltd. Contributors include: Jeannine Locke, Nathaniel A. Benson, Devon Smith, W.A Craick, Arthur Brydon, John Seabert, Kaye Peer, Ken McTaggart, Morley Callaghan, Jean D. Newman and Ron Kenyon.

City of Toronto (Carl Benn, Chief Curator), 2005. Bibliography of Toronto History Published Since 1990. Toronto: City of Toronto Museums and Heritage Services. Available electronically at http://www.city.toronto.on.ca/culture/brochures/bibliography_toronto.doc (note: clicking on this link opens a Microsoft Word document).

Clark, Greg, published from 1963 onward. Clark was a well-loved Toronto journalist and humorist who, in addition to writing thousands of feature articles as a reporter, also published short humorous essays, many about Toronto. His works include The Best of Gregory Clark (Ryerson, 1959), Greg’s Choice (Ryerson, 1961), Hi There (Ryerson, 1963), War Stories (Ryerson, 1964), May Your First Love Be Your Last (McClelland & Stewart, 1969), A Bar’l of Apples (Montreal Standard Publishing Company, 1971), Outdoors with Gregory Clark (McClelland & Stewart, 1971), The Bird of Promise (Infocor, 1973), Grandma Preferred Steak (Infocor, 1974), Fishing with Greg Clark (Optimum, 1975), Things That Go SQUEAK in the Night (Optimum, 1976). Clark died in Toronto in 1977. See also Jock Carroll’s The Life & Times of Greg Clark. Toronto: Doubleday Canada.

Clark, S.D., 1966. The Suburban Society. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. [an early sociological analysis of Toronto’s suburbs.]

Cochrane, Glenn and Jean Cochrane, 2009. The Beach: An Illustrated History from the Lake to Kingston Road. Toronto: ECW Press.

Cochrane, Jean; photographs by Vincenzo Petropaolo, 2000. Kensington. Toronto: Boston Mills / Stoddart.

Colantonio, Frank, 1997. From the Ground Up: An Italian Immigrant’s Story. Toronto: Between the Lines.

Colombo, John Robert, n.d. Toronto’s Fantastic Street Names. Produced in association with BAKKA science fiction bookstore. [pamphlet]

Colombo, John Robert, 1984. Canadian Literary Landmarks. Willowdale, ON: Hounslow Press.

Colombo, John Robert, 1996. Haunted Toronto. Toronto: Hounslow Press.

Coopersmith, Penina, 1998. Cabbagetown: The Story of a Victorian Neighbourhood. Toronto: James Lorimer.

Corelli, Rae, 1964. The Toronto That Used To Be. Toronto: Toronto Star Limited. [essays on Toronto neighbourhoods]

Cosgrove, D. and S. Daniels, eds., 1988. The Iconography of Landscape. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coverley, Merlin, 2006. Psychogeography. London: Pocket Essentials.

Crawford, Bess, 2000. Rosedale. Richmond Hill, ON: Boston Mills Press.

Crichlow, Wesley, 2004. Buller Men & Batty Bwoys. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (bioethnographic / ‘biomythographic’ study of the lives of black gay men in Toronto and Halifax.)

Criglington, Meredith Anna, 2004. Constructions of Home: The City as a Site of Spatial History and Post-Settler Identity in Four Commonwealth Novels. Unpublished PhD Dissertation. University of Toronto.

Cruikshank, Tom and John de Visser, 2008. Old Toronto Houses. 2nd edition; revised and expanded. Richmond Hill, ON: Firefly Books.

Cullen, Don, 2007. The Bohemian Embassy: Memories and Poems. Hamilton, Ontario: Wolask & Wynn.

Curry, Michael R., 1996. The Work in the World: Geographical Practice and the Written Word. Minneapolis; London: University of Minnesota Press.

(The) Danforth Review. http://www.danforthreview.com/. Fiction, non-fiction, interview, and literary reviews. Includes much Toronto content but also directs its gaze elsewhere.

Da Rosa, Victor M.P. and Carlos Teixeira, eds., 2000. The Portuguese in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Daurio, Beverley, 1992. Internal Document: A Response to Clint Burnham’s ‘Allegories of Publishing: The Toronto Small Press Scene.’ Toronto: Streetcar Editions, Streetcar Number 12.

Davey, Frank, 1980. Louis Dudek & Raymond Souster. Studies in Canadian Literature Series. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre.

Davey, Frank, 2011. When Tish Happens: The Unlikely Story of Canada’s “Most Influential Literary Magazine.” Toronto: ECW Press.

Davidson, John / Laird Stevens, 1986. The Stroll: Inner-City Subcultures. Toronto: NC Press.

Davis, Robert Murray, 2001. Everything old / new is new / old again: The fiction of Russell Smith. Essays on Canadian Writing, vol. 73: 151-167.

Day, Richard J.F., 2000. Multiculturalism and the History of Canadian Diversity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

De Genova Narrol, Dianne, 2004. An Ethnic or Religious Enclave?: Experiences of the Former Soviet Jewish Community in Toronto. Unpublished thesis. Toronto: Department of Geography.

De Klerck, Denis and Corrado Paina, eds., 2006. College Street, Little Italy: Toronto’s Renaissance Strip. Toronto: Mansfield Press.

Del Giudice, Luisa, 1994. Italian Traditional Song in Toronto: from autobiography to advocacy. Journal of Canadian Studies, 29(1): page 74-.

Dendy, William, 1993. Lost Toronto. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. Revised Edition.

Dennis, Richard, 1999. Morley Callaghan and the moral geography of Toronto. British Journal of Canadian Studies, 14(2): 35-.

Diamond, Etan, 2002. And I Will Dwell in their Midst: Orthodox Jews in Suburbia. Scholarly Books Services.

Di Cicco, Pier Giorgio, 2007. Municipal Mind: Manifestos for the Creative City. Toronto: Mansfield Press.

Dieterman, Frank A. and Ronald F. Williamson, 2001. Government On Fire: The History and Archaeology of Upper Canada’s First Parliament Buildings. Toronto: eastendbooks.

Donegan, Rosemary, 1985. Spadina Avenue. Vancouver; Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre.

Doucet , Michael J., 1998. A City ” … Waiting for the Sunrise”: Toronto in Song and Sound. Canadian Journal for Traditional Music, 26: 17-34.

Duff, J. Clarence, 1967 and 1972. Pen Sketches of Historic Toronto. Two volumes. Toronto: J. Clarence Duff.

Duffy, Dennis, 2001. “Furnishing the Pictures: Arthur S. Gross, Michael Ondaatje, and the imag(in)ing of Toronto”. Journal of Canadian Studies, 36(2): 106-129.

Edwards, Justin D., 1998. Strange Fugitive, Strange City: Reading Urban Space in Morley Callaghan’s Toronto. Writing Canadian Space: Studies in Canadian Literature, 23(1): 213-227.

Edwards, Justin D. and Douglas Ivison, eds., 2005. Downtown Canada: Writing Canadian Cities. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Ellin, Nan, 1996. Postmodern Urbanism. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, MA: Blackwell. (see: “Reconceiving the City and Culture”)

Elson, Christopher, 1998. Dear Reader: Selected Scott Symons. Toronto: Gutter Press.

Essays in Canadian Writing. Scholarly journal published since 1974. At York University: Scott Library ==> PS 8001 E75; available electronically through York library system.

Etudes Canadiennes / Canadian Studies. Scholarly journal published since 1975. At York University: Scott Library ==> FC 1 E88

Exile: The Literary Quarterly. http://www.exilequarterly.com/exilequarterlyis.html

Eyles, Nick, 2004. Toronto Rocks: The Geological Legacy of the Toronto Region. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry & Whiteside.

Fagan, Cary, 1990. City Hall and Mrs. God: A Passionate Journey Through a Changing Toronto. Stratford, Ontario: The Mercury Press.

Fanizze, Robert, 1996. “Thoreau’s Urban Imagination”, American Literature, 68(2): 321-346.

Farr, Moira, 1999. After Daniel: A Suicide Survivor’s Tale. Toronto: Harper Collins. [A memoir about surviving the suicide of Toronto writer Daniel Jones.]

Fernandes, Gilberto, 2010. Beyond the “Politics of Toil”: Collective Mobilization and Individual Activism in Toronto’s Portuguese Community, 1950s-1990s. Urban History Review, 39(1): 59-74.

Fetherling, Douglas, 1996. Way Down Deep in the Belly of the Beast: A Memoir of the Seventies. Toronto: Lester.

Fetherling, Douglas, 2000. Travels By Night: A Memoir of the Sixties. Toronto: McArthur.

Filey, Mike, 1970. A Toronto Album: Glimpses of the City that Was. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Filey, Mike, 1972. Toronto: Reflections of the Past. Toronto: Nelson Foster & Scott.

Filey, Mike, 1982. I Remember Sunnyside: The Rise and Fall of a Magical Era. Toronto: Brownstone Press.

Filey, Mike, 1983. A Toronto Almanac: Things Typical, Topical and Trivial About Toronto. Self-published.

Filey, Mike, 1989. Like No Other in the World: The Story of Toronto’s Skydome. Toronto: Sun Controlled Ventures.

Filey, Mike, 2002. A Toronto Album 2: More Glimpses of the City that Was. Toronto: Dundurn.

Fiorito, Joe, 2006. Union Station: Love, Madness, Sex and Survival on the Streets of the New Toronto. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Firth, Edith G., ed., 1961. Early Toronto Newspapers 1793-1867. [a catalogue of newspapers published in the Town of York and the City of Toronto from the beginning to Confederation]. Toronto: Baxter Publishing Company / Toronto Public Library.

Firth, Edith G., 1983. Toronto in Art: 150 Years Through Artists’ Eyes. Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whitside in cooperation with the City of Toronto.

Fisher, Sidney Thomson, 1985. The Merchant-Millers of the Humber Valley. Toronto: NC Press.

FitzGerald, James, 1994. Old Boys: The Powerful Legacy of Upper Canada College. Toronto: Macfarlane Walter & Ross.

FitzGerald, James, 2010. What Disturbs our Blood: A Son’s Quest to Redeem the Past. Toronto: Random House of Canada.

Fowler, Edmund P., 2004. Cities, Culture and Granite. Toronto: Guernica.

Fox, C.J., 1996. “Through Toronto’s Fire and Ice: Wyndham Lewis: A Waspish writer at war with Canada”. The Beaver, December 1996/January 1997. Pages 4-11.

Frager, Ruth, 1992. Sweatshop Strife: Class, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Jewish Labour Movement of Toronto, 1900-1939. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Frank, Ellen Eve, 1979. Literary Architecture: Essays Toward a Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Freeman, Victoria, 2010. “Toronto Has No History!” Indigeneity, Settler Colonialism, and Historical Memory in Canada’s Largest City. Urban History Review, 38(2): 21-37.

French, William, 1964. A Most Unlikely Village. Forest Hill, ON: The Corporation of the Village of Forest Hill.

Friedland, Martin L., 2002. The University of Toronto: A History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Fuerstenberg, Adam, 1996. Yudica: poet of Spadina’s sweatshops. Canadian Woman Studies, 16(4): 107-111.

Fulford, Robert, 1968. Crisis at the Victory Burlesk: Culture, Politics & Other Diversions. Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Fulford, Robert, 1980. The Fulford File. Excerpts from the award-winning Notebook column in Saturday Night. Revised. New Leaf Publications Limited.

Fulford, Robert, 1993. Towering Ambitions: The Architecture of Modern Toronto. Americas, 45(3): 30-39.

Fulford, Robert, 1996. Accidental City: The Transformation of Toronto. Boston; New York: Peter Davidson / Houghton Mifflin.

Fulford, Robert, 1996. “The Invention of Toronto: A City defined by its artists”. William Kilbourn Lecture, Toronto Historical Board, 12 June 1996. Text available electronically at http://www.robertfulford.com/kilbourn.html

Fulford, Robert, 1999. The Triumph of Narrative: Storytelling in the Age of Mass Culture. 1999 Massey Lecture Series. Toronto: Anansi.

Fyfe, Nicholas, ed., 1998. Images of the Street: Planning, identity and control in public space. London; New York: Routledge.

Gatenby, Greg, 1999. Toronto: A Literary Guide. Toronto: McArthur & Company.

Gauthier, Jennifer L., 2005. Where is Here? Local Visions in Three Canadian Films. Canadian Journal of Film Studies, 14(2): 38-53.

Geist: The Canadian Magazine of Ideas and Culture. Vancouver, B.C.: Geist Foundation. Published five times per year since 1990. Geist’s website. At York University: Scott Library ==> PS 8001 G45.

Gibson, John and Laurie Lewis, eds., 1980. Sticks and Stones: Some Aspects of Canadian Printing History. Toronto: Toronto Typographical Association.

Gibson, Sally, 1984. More Than An Island: A History of the Toronto Island. Toronto: Irwin.

Gibson, Sally, 2006. Inside Toronto: Urban Interiors, 1880-1920. Toronto: Cormorant.

Gifford, Jim, 2004. Hurricane Hazel: Canada’s Storm of the Century. Toronto: Dundurn.

Gilbert, Emily J., 1994. Home/City/Nation: Identity, Ideology and Place in Toronto Women’s Literature. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. York University.

Gilbert, Emily and Paul Simpson-Housley, 1997. “Places and Spaces of Dislocation: Lady Oracle’s Toronto”. Canadian Geographer, 41(3): 235-248.

Giles, Wenona, 2002. Portuguese Women in Toronto: Gender, Immigration, and Nationalism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Glouberman, Misha with Sheila Heti, 2011. The Chairs are Where the People Go. New York: Faber & Faber. [essays]

Good, Kristin R., 2009. Municipalities and Multiculturalism: The Politics of Immigration in Toronto and Vancouver. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Goodbrand, Grant, 2010. Therafields: The Rise and Fall of Lea Hindley-Smith’s Psychoanalytic Commune. Toronto: ECW Press.

Goodfellow, Margaret and Phil Goodfellow, eds., 2010. A Guidebook to Contemporary Architecture in Toronto. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre.

Gorrell, Gena, 1996. North Star to Freedom: The Story of the Underground Railway. Toronto: Stoddart. [children’s story]

Grady, Wayne, 1995. Toronto the Wild: Field Notes of an Urban Naturalist. Toronto: Macfarlane Walter & Ross.

Gregory, Derek, 1994. Geographical Imaginations. Oxford: Blackwell.

Grieveson, Brian, 1991. Rochdale: Myth & Reality. Hamilton, ON: Charasee Press.

Grigsby, Wayne, ed., 1984. A Toronto Lampoon. Montreal: Eden Press.

Grimes, Ronald L., 1982. Defining Nascent Ritual. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 50(4): 539-555.

Gundy, H. Pearson, 1964. Book Publishing and Publishers in Canada Before 1900. Toronto: Bibliographical Society of Canada.

Hackworth, J. and J. Rekers, 2005. Ethnic Packaging and Gentrification: The Case of Four Neighbourhoods in Toronto. Urban Affairs Review, 41(2): 211-236.

Harding, Desmond, 2003. Writing the City: Urban Visions & Literary Modernism. London; New York: Routledge.

Harney, Nicholas DeMaria, 1998. Eh, Paesan!: Being Italian in Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Harney, Robert F., ed., 1985. Gathering Place: Peoples and Neighbourhoods of Toronto, 1834-1945. Toronto: Multicultural History Society of Ontario.

Harris, Amy Lavender, 2006. Toronto’s Tower of Babel, in The State of the Arts: Living with Culture in Toronto, ed. Alana Wilcox, Christina Palassio, and Jonny Dovercourt. Toronto: Coach House Books. Pages 162-167.

Harris, Amy Lavender, 2010. Imagining Toronto. Toronto: Mansfield Press.

Harris, Marjorie, 1984. Toronto: The City of Neighbourhoods. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Harris, Richard, 1996. Unplanned Suburbs: Toronto’s American Tragedy, 1900 to 1950. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Harrison, Robert Pogue, 2003. The Dominion of the Dead. Chicago; London: University of Chicago press.

Hart, Patricia W., 1968. Pioneering in North York: A History of the Borough. Toronto: General Publishing Company.

Hathaway, E.J., 1929. Jesse Ketchum and his Times. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Hayes, Derek, 2008. Historical Atlas of Toronto. Vancouver; Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre.

Helwig, David, 2006. The Names of Things. Erin, ON: Porcupine’s Quill. [memoir]

Henderson, Stuart Robert, 2007. Making the Scene: Yorkville and Hip Toronto, 1960-1970. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Kingston, ON: Queen’s University, Department of History.

Henderson, Stuart, 2011. Making the Scene: Yorkville and Hip Toronto in the 1960s. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Henighan, Stephen, 2002. When Words Deny the World: The Reshaping of Canadian Writing. Erin, ON: Porcupine’s Quill. [see especially the Toronto-focused essays “Josef Skvorecky and Canadian Cultural Cringe,” “In the Heart of Toronto’s Darkness” and “Vulgarity on Bloor: Literary Institutions from CanLit to TorLit.”]

Henry, Frances, 1994. The Caribbean Diaspora in Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Henry, Frances, 1994. Afro-Caribbean People in Toronto: Cultural Continuity and Conflict. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Hiebert, Daniel, 1993. Jewish Immigrants and the Garment Industry of Toronto, 1901-1931: A Study of Ethnic Class Relations. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 83(2): 243-271.

Hill, Donna, 1981. A Black Man’s Toronto, 1914-1980: The Reminiscences of Harry Gairey. Toronto: Multicultural History Society of Ontario.

Horning, Lewis Emerson and Lawrence J. Burpee, 1904. Bibliography of Canadian Fiction. Victoria University Library Publication No. 2. Toronto: William Briggs. Electronically accessible here.

Hounsom, Eric Wilfrid, 1970. Toronto In 1810. Toronto: Ryerson.

Howison, John, [1821] Facsimile edition 1970. Sketches of Upper Canada. Toronto: Coles.

Hutcheson, Stephanie, 1978. Yorkville in Pictures, 1853 to 1883. Toronto: Toronto Public Library Board Local History Handbooks, Number 2.

Iacovetta, Franca, 2003. Such Hardworking People: Italian Immigrants in Postwar Toronto. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Irving, Allan, 1998. Neighbours: Three Social Settlements in Downtown Toronto. Canadian Scholars Press.

Itwaru, Arnold Harrichand, 1990. The Invention of Canada: Literary Text and the Immigrant Imagination. Toronto: Tsar Books. [Toronto authors receiving critical attention include Henry Kreisel and Austin Clarke]

Ivison, Douglas, 1998. A Reader’s Guide to the Intersection of Time and Space: Urban Spatialization in Hugh Hood’s Around the Mountain. Writing Canadian Space: Studies in Canadian Literature, 23(1): 238-249.

Iyer, Pico, 2000. The Global Soul: Jet Lag, Shopping Malls, and the Search for Home. Knopf. See especially Iyer’s essay on Toronto, “The Multiculture”.

Jaeger, Peter, 1999. ABC of Reading TRG. Vancouver: Talonbooks. [Literary criticism; Toronto Research Group (McCaffery & bpNichol)]

James, Cathy, 2001. Reforming reform: Toronto’s Settlement House movement, 1900-20. The Canadian Historical Review, 82(1): 55-90.

Jarrett, Mary, 1990. “The Presentation of Montreal in Mavis Gallant’s “Between Zero and One” and of Toronto in Margaret Atwood’s Cat’s Eye”. Etudes Canadiennes / Canadian Studies, vol. 29: 173-181.

Jennings, Nicholas, 1998. Before the Gold Rush: Peace, Love and the Dawn of the Canadian Sound. Toronto: Penguin Canada. [1960s music culture in Canada with focus on Toronto’s Yorkville scene.]

Johnson, Charles, 1984. The Preservation of Yorkville Village. Discussion Paper No. 28. Toronto: York University, Department of Geography.

Jones, Donald, 1992. Fifty Tales of Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (collection of short historical essays by a Toronto Star writer)

Journal of Canadian Studies. Scholarly journal published three times per year since 1966. At York University: Scott Library ==> FC 1 J65; also available electronically through York library system (1986 onward).

Journal of Cultural Geography. Scholarly journal published since 1980. At York University: Scott Library ==> GF 1 J65.

Jordan, David M., 1994. New World Regionalism: Literature in the Americas. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Junne, George H., 2003. The History of Blacks in Canada: A Selectively Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Jurca, Catherine, 2001. White Diaspora: The Suburb and the Twentieth-century American Novel. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Kai, Jeremy, 2011. Rivers Forgotten. Toronto: Koyama Press.

Kazdin, Andrew, 1989. Creative Lying: Glenn Gould at Work. New York: E.P. Dutton.

Kealey, Gregory S., [1980] reprinted 1991. Toronto Workers Respond to Industrial Capitalism, 1867-1892. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Keith, W.J., 1992. Literary Images of Ontario. A project of the Ontario Historical Studies Series for the Government of Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Keith, W.J., 2002. Canadian Odyssey: A Reading of Hugh Hood’s The New Age/Le Nouveau Siecle. Montreal; Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Kelly, Colleen, 1984. Cabbagetown in Pictures. Local History Handbook No. 4. Toronto: Toronto Public Library Board.

Kenneally, Michael, 2005. Inscribing Irish Identities in Upper Canada: Patrick Slater’s The Yellow Briar. The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, 31(1): 60-66. URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25515560

Kennedy, Betty, 1979. Hurricane Hazel. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada.

Kenniff, Thomas-Bernard, 2005. Assembly: A Reevaluation of Public Space in Toronto. Master’s thesis. School of Architecture, University of Waterloo. Available electronically at http://www.tbkenniff.com/assembly/assembly.html

Khan, Shahnaz, 2002. Aversion and Desire: Negotiating Muslim Female Identity in the Diaspora. UK; Women’s Press.

Kilbourn, William, ed., 1976. The Toronto Book: An Anthology of Writings, Past and Present. Toronto: MacMillan of Canada.

Kilbourn, William, 1984. Toronto Remembered. Toronto: Stoddart.

Kilbourn, William, 1993. Intimate Grandeur: One Hundred Years at Massey Hall. Toronto: Stoddart.

King, Ross, 2010. Defiant Spirits: The Modernist Revolution of the Group of Seven. Cancounver: Douglas & McIntyre and the McMichael Canadian Art Collection.

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King, Thomas, 2003. The Truth About Stories: A Native Narrative. 2003 CBC Massey Lectures. Toronto: Anansi.

Kingwell, Mark, 2000. “Building, Dwelling, Acting”. Queen’s Quarterly, 107(2): 177-202.

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Knuckle, Robert, 1999. Murder at Eglinton Square. Dundas, ON: Kayson.

Korinek, Valerie, 2000. Roughing it in the Suburbs: Reading Chatelaine Magazine in the Fifties and Sixties. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Kostash, Myrna, 1980. Long Way From Home: The Story of the Sixties Generation in Canada. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company.

Kriegel, Leonard, 1994. Geography Lessons. The Sewanee Review, 102(4): 604-611.

Kroller, Eva-Marie, 2001. The City as Anthology. Canadian Literature, 169: 5-10.

Lambton, Gunda, 2003. Sun in Winter: A Toronto Wartime Journal, 1942-1945. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Lamme, A.J., 1996. Speaking with the same voice: Geographic interpretation and representation of literary resources. Geojournal, 38: 41-48.

Lando, Fabio, 1996. Fact and fiction: Geography and literature [a bibliographic survey]. Geojournal, 38: 3-18.

Lautens, Gary, 1964. Laughing with Lautens. Toronto: Ryerson Press. [Humour. Like Greg Clark, Lautens was a well-loved Toronto Star humourist and essayist.

Lautens, Gary, 1980. Take My Family … Please! Toronto: John Wiley & Sons. [humour]

Lautens, Gary, 1983. No Sex Please … We’re Married. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. [humour]

Lautens, Gary, 1984. How Pierre and I Saved the Civilized World. Toronto: Methuen. [humour]

Lautens, Gary, 1993. Peace, Mrs. Packard and the Meaning of Life. Toronto: Key Porter. [humour]

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Legge, Robert F., 1967. Toronto 67. Toronto: E.C. Bradley for the Toronto Real Estate Board.

Lehan, Richard Daniel, 1998. The City in Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Levitt, Cyril and William Shaffir, 1987. The Riot at Christie Pitts. Toronto: Key Porter Books.

Levy, Sophie, 2001. Torontology. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. University of Toronto. Available electronically through the National Library of Canada’s Canada Thesis Portal at http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk3/ftp04/MQ63041.pdf .

Lizars, Robina and Kathleen MacFarlane, 1897. Humours of ’37: Rebellion Times in the Canadas. Toronto: William Briggs, 1897.

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Lorimer, James and Evelyn Ross, eds., 1977. The Second City Book. Toronto: James Lorimer.

Lorimer, James, 1978. The Developers. Toronto: James Lorimer.

Luka, Nik, 2006. From Summer Cottage Colony to Metropolitan Suburb: Toronto’s Beach District, 1889-1929. Urban History Review, 35(1): 18-46.

MacIntosh, Robert M., 2006. Earliest Toronto. Renfrew, ON: General Store Publishing.

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MacKinnon, Steve, Karen Teeple & Michele Dale, 2009. Toronto’s Visual Legacy: Official City Photography from 1856 to the Present. Toronto: James Lorimer & Company.

Magliola, Robert R., 1977. Phenomenology and Literature. West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press.

Makeham, Paul, 2005. Performing the City. Theatre Research International, 30(2): 150-160. [scholarly essay exploring how “theatre and performance are made manifest in cities.” Mumford. Barthes. Butler.]

Manguel, Alberto, 2007. The City of Words. The 2007 CBC Massey Lectures. Toronto: Anansi.

Mann, W.E., ed., 1970. The Underside of Toronto. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Marchand, Philip, 1998. Ripostes: Reflections on Canadian Literature. Erin, Ontario: Porcupine’s Quill.

Marchand, Philip, 1998. Marshall McLuhan: The Medium and the Messenger. [revised and updated edition]. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

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Marche, Stephen, 2005. “Drab and dull, yes, but we write a mean novel.” Globe & Mail, December 31, 2005, Page M2. [media article]

Marcus, Steven, 1987. Reading the Illegible: Some Modern Representations of Urban Experience. In Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature, eds. William Sharpe and Leonard Wallcock. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 232-256.

Marchand, Philip, 2003. “The heart of darkness is true Toronto”. Toronto Star, November 29, 2003, page J.06.

Martyn, Lucy Booth, 1980. Aristocratic Toronto: 19th Century Grandeur. Toronto: Gage.

Massey, Raymond, 1976. When I was Young. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. [memoir]

Massood, Paula J., 1996. “Mapping the Hood: The Genealogy of City Space in Boys N the Hood and Menace II Society. Cinema Journal, 35(2): 85-97.

Mathews, Vanessa, 2004. The art of ideology: Theorizing artists and gentrification in the space of Yorkville, Toronto (Ontario). Unpublished master’s thesis. York University.

Mathews, Vanessa, 2008. Artcetera: Narrativising Gentrification in Yorkville, Toronto. Urban Studies, 45(13): 2849-2876.

Matthews, Robin, 1978. Morley Callaghan and the New Colonialism: The Supreme Individual in Traditionless Society. Studies in Canadian Literature, 3(1): 78-92.

Maxwell, Thomas R., 1977. The Invisible French: The French in Metropolitan Toronto. Waterloo, ON: Wilfred Laurier Press.

Maynard, Steven, 1996. Through a Hole in the Lavatory Wall: Homosexual Subcultures, Police Surveillance, and the Dialects of Discovery, Toronto, 1880-1930. In Gender and History in Canada, ed. Joy Parr and Mark Rosenfeld. Toronto: Copp Clark. 165-184. [A version of this essay was published in 1994 in the Journal of the History of Sexuality, 5(2): 204-.]

Mays, John Bentley, 1994. Emerald City: Toronto Visited. Toronto: Penguin.

Mays, John Bentley, 2002. Arrivals: Stories from the History of Ontario. Toronto: Penguin Canada.

McBride, Jason and Wilcox, Alana, eds., 2005. Utopia: Towards a New Toronto. Toronto: Coach House Books.

McClelland, Michael and Graeme Stewart, eds., 2007. Concrete Toronto: A Guide to Concrete Architecture from the Fifties to the Seventies. Toronto: Coach House.

McGifford, Diane, ed., 1992. The Geography of Voice: Canadian Literature of the South Asian Diaspora. Toronto: TSAR.

McHugh, Patricia, [1985] 1989. Toronto Architecture: A City Guide. 2nd Edition. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

McKinnie, Michael, 2006. City Stages: Theatre and Urban Space in a Global City. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

McLellan, Janet, 1999. Many Petals of the Lotus: Five Asian Buddhist Communities in Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

McNamara, Kevin R., 1996. Urban Verbs: Arts and Discourses of American Cities. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

McSherry, Peter, 2002. Mean Streets: Confessions of a Nighttime Taxi Driver. Toronto: Dundurn / Hounslow.

Meindl, Maria, 2011. Outside the Box: The Life and Legacy of Writer Mona Gould; The Grandmother I thought I Knew. Montreal; Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press. [memoir’ biography]

Meslin, Dave, Christina Palassio and Alana Wilcox, eds., 2010. Local Motion: The Art of Civic Engagement in Toronto. Toronto: Coach House.

Metcalf, John, ed., 1986. The Bumper Book. Toronto: ECW. [Essays and satire on Canadian literary politics. Toronto and Toronto writers are mentioned occasionally.]

Micallef, Shawn, 2010. Stroll : Psychogeographic Walking Tours of Toronto. Toronto: Coach House & Eye Weekly.

Middleton, Jesse Edgar, 1934. Toronto’s 100 Years. Toronto: City of Toronto, Centennial Committee.

Mietkiewicz, Henry and Bob Mackowycz, 1988. Dream Tower: The Life and Legacy of Rochdale College. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.

Miguna, Miguna, 1994. Disgraceful Osgoode and Other Essays. Toronto: AV Press.

Miles, Malcom and Tim Hall, eds., 2004. The City Cultures Reader. 2nd ed. London; New York: Routledge.

Miller, David and Douglas Arrowsmith, 2010. Witness to a City: David Miller’s Toronto. Toronto: Cormorant.

Miller, Ian, 2002. Our Glory and Our Grief: Torontonians and the Great War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Miller, Lorne S. and Neil Ross, 2011. One Hundred Years at the Junction Shul. Toronto: ECW Press.

Moir, John S., 1965. Rhymes of Rebellion. Toronto: Ryerson Press.

Moodie, Susannah, 1853. Life in the Clearings. [Reissued by Macmillan in 1976.] Moodie describes Toronto in several parts of this companion volume to Roughing it in the Bush (1852).

Morrell, Carol, ed., 1994. Grammar of Dissent. Poetry and Prose by Claire Harris, M. Nourbese Philip, Dionne Brand. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Goose Lane Edition.

Mosser, Christine, 1984. York, Upper Canada, Minutes of Town Meetings and Lists of Inhabitants, 1797-1823. Toronto: Metropolitan Library Board.

Mukherjee, Arun, 1994. Oppositional Aesthetics: Readings from a Hyphenated Space. Toronto: TSAR Books.

Mukherjee, Arun P., 1996. Teaching ethnic minority writing: A report from the classroom. Journal of Canadian Studies, 31(3): 38-48.

Mukherjee, Arun, 1998. Postcolonialism: My Living. Toronto: TSAR Books.

Mulvaney, C. Pelham, 1884. Toronto: Past and Present. Toronto: W.E. Caiger. [facsimile edition reprinted in 1970 by Ontario reprint Press.]

Murray, Heather, 1997. “Frozen Pen, Fiery Print, and Fothergill’s Folly: Cultural organizations in Toronto, winter 1836-37. Essays in Canadian Writing, vol. 61: 41-70.

Murray, Heather, 2002. Come, Bright Improvement! The Literary Societies of Nineteenth Century Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Murray, Terry, 2006. Faces on Places: A Grotesque Tour of Toronto. Toronto: Anansi.

Natanson, Maurice, 2001. The Erotic Bird: Phenomenology in Literature. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

New Dawn: Journal of Black Canadian Studies. Scholarly journal (electronic journal). Electronically accessible through York University Library website: http://www.library.yorku.ca/eresolver/?id=983917

Ninjalicious, 2005. Access All Areas: A User’s Guide to the Art of Urban Exploration. Toronto: Ninjalicious / Infiltration (distributed in part by Coach House Books).

Noble, A.G. and R. Dhussa, 1990. Image and Substance: A Review of Literary Geography. Journal of Cultural Geography, 10: 49-65.

Nolan, Helen, 2003. Sculpture in the City: Twelve Walks in Downtown Toronto. Artworks Press.

Nunn, Robert, ed., 2008. Drew Hayden Taylor: Essays on His Works. Toronto: Guernica.

O’Donohue, Tony, 2005. The Tale of a City: Re-engineering the Urban Environment. Toronto: Dundurn. (Toronto’s urban infrastructure.)

Osbaldeston, Mark, 2008. Unbuilt Toronto: A History of the City That Might Have Been. Toronto: Dundurn.

Osborne, Brian S., 1988. Fact, Message, or Symbol: Three Approaches to Literary Landscapes. Canadian Geographer, 32: 267-269.

Osborne, Brian S., 1996. Texts of place: ‘A secret landscape hidden behind the everyday’. Geojournal, 38: 29-39.

Osborne, Brian S., 1998. Some thoughts on landscape: Is it a noun, a metaphor, or a verb? Canadian Social Studies, 32(3): 93-98.

Osborne, Ralph, 2003. From Someplace Else: A Memoir. Toronto: ECW Press. [memoir of Rochdale’s general manager]

Ostwald, Peter F., 1997. Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy and Tragedy of Genius. New York; London: W.W. Norton & Company.

Parsons, Deborah L., 2000. Streetwalking the Metropolis: Women, the City and Modernity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (women, flaneurs, and cities and towns in literature)

Partridge, Larry, 1983. Mind the Doors Please: The Story of Toronto and its Streetcars. Richmond Hill, ON: Boston Mills Press.

Patterson, Cynthia, Carol McDougall and George Levin, 1986. Bloor-Dufferin in Pictures. Local History Handbook No. Five. Toronto: Toronto Public Library Board.

Penfold, Steve, 2004. “Are we to go literally to the hot dogs?” Parking lots, drive-ins, and the critique of progress in Toronto’s suburbs, 1965-1975. Urban History Review, 33(1): 8-.

Peters, Tim, 2002. Toronto. Photographs. Toronto: Firefly Books.

Petroff, Lillian, 1995. Sojourners and Settlers: The Macedonian Community in Toronto to 1940. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Pevere, Geoff, et al, 2009. Toronto on Film. Toronto: TIFF.

Piva, Michael J., 1979. The Condition of the Working Class in Toronto, 1900-1921. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.

Pivato, Joseph, ed., 2003. F.G. Paci: Essays on His Works. Toronto: Guernica. [literary criticism]

Phillips, Anne, 2007. Multiculturalism without Culture. Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Pitfield, Jane, 2000 [2nd ed., 2000]. Leaside. Toronto: Natural Heritage.

Pitt, Steve, illustrated by Heather Collins, 2004. Rain Tonight: A Story of Hurricane Hazel. Toronto: Tundra Books.

Pollock, Jack, 1989. Dear M: Letters from a Gentleman of Excess. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. [letters written by a prominent Toronto art dealer]

Poldre, Peeter A., 2011. Sunnybrook Hospital: Our Veterans’ Legacy of Care, a Photo Journey Through the Decades. Toronto: Dundurn.

Poplak, Richard, 20110. KENK: A Graphic Portrait. Toronto: Pop Sandbox.

Porteous, D., 1990. Landscapes of the Mind: Worlds of Sense and Metaphor. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Porter, Jane, 1865. Six Weeks’ Tour in Western Canada. Montreal: John Lovell. A 40-page travelogue “By a Lady” of tours in Toronto and elsewhere. Amusing descriptions of the city. Available electronically at http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?doc=23291

Powell, Betsy, 2010. Bad Seeds: The True Story of Toronto’s Galloway Boys Street Gang. Wiley.

Preston, Peter & Paul Simpson-Housley, eds., 1994. Writing the City: Literature and the Urban Experience. UK: Routledge. See also Writing the City: Eden, Babylon & The New Jerusalem, which may be the same book.

Pupo, Mark, 2006. Facts and Fiction: a round table discussion on Toronto literature with Sheila Heti, Andrew Pyper and Shyam Selvadurai. Toronto Life. [media article]

Prince, Althea, 2000. Being Black: Essays. Toronto: Insomniac Press.

Proulx, Craig, 2006. Aboriginal Identification in North American Cities. Canadian Journal of Native Studies, 26(2): 405-438.

Pyle, Don and Steven Leckie, 2011. Trouble at the Camera Club: A Photographic Narrative of Toronto’s Punk History, 1976-1980. Toronto: ECW Press.

Qadeer, Mohamed, S. Agrawal and A. Lovell, 2010. Evolution of Ethnic Enclaves in the Toronto Metropolitan Area, 2001-2006. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 11(3): 315-339.

Quindlen, Anna, 2004. Imagined London: A Tour of the World’s Greatest Fictional City. Washington, DC: National Geographic.

Raban, Jonathan, 1974. Soft City. London: Collins Harvill.

Rahder, Barbara and Richard Milgrom, 2004. The Uncertain City: Making Space(s) for Difference. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13(1): 27-46.

Raible, Chris, 1992. Muddy York Mud: Scandal & Scurrility in Upper Canada. Creemore, ON: Curiosity House.

Reaume, Geoffrey, 2000. Remembrance of Patients Past: Patient Life at the Toronto Hospital for the Insane, 1870-1940. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Redekop, Magdalene, 1979. Ernest Thompson Seton. Don Mills: Fitzhenry & Whiteside. [volume of The Canadians series]

Reeves, Wayne and Christina Palassio, eds., 2008. HTO: Toronto’s Water from Lake Iroquois to Lost Rivers to Low-Flow Toilets. Toronto: Coach House.

Reimer, Douglas, 1995. Border writing: The “urban Indian” body in Lynda Shorten’s Without Reserve. Journal of Canadian Studies, 30(4), 129-145.

Rhenisch, Harold, 2000. Tom Thompson’s Shack. (prose reconciliating city and country; commentary on Toronto, Kleinburg, and the interior of British Columbia). Vancouver: New Star.

Richler, Noah, 2006. This is My Country, What’s Yours: A Literary Atlas of Canada. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Richmond, John, 1961. A Tearful Tour of Toronto’s Riviera of Yesteryear. Toronto: John Richmond. Photographs by William James Sr.; illustrations by Lorraine Surcouf.

Richmond, John and Bruce West, 1969. Around Toronto: A Look at the City With John Richmond and Bruce West. Toronto: Doubleday.

Richmond, John, 1976. Discover Toronto: John Richmond’s Illustrated Notebook. Toronto: Doubleday.

Rigelhof, T.F., 2000. This is Our Writing. Erin, Ontario: Porcupine’s Quill.

Robertson, J. Ross, [1911] facsimile edition 1973. The Diary of Mrs. John Graves Simcoe, Wife of the First Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Upper Canada, 1792-6. Toronto: Coles.

Robinson, Percy J., [1933] 1965. Toronto During the French Regime, 1615-1793. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Rogers, Kenneth H., 1945. Street Gangs in Toronto: A Study of the Forgotten Boy. Toronto: Ryerson.

Rose, Albert, 1958. Regent Park: A Study in Slum Clearance. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Rosenthal, Joe [images] and Adele Wiseman [text], 1964. Old Markets, New World. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada.

Ross, Becki L., 1995. The House that Jill Built: A Lesbian Nation in Formation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Rossier, Henri [photographs] and Pierre Berton [essays], 1961. The New City: A Prejudiced View of Toronto. Toronto: Macmillan.

Ruprecht, Tony, 2011. Toronto’s Many Faces. 5th Edition. Toronto: Dundurn.

Rust-D’Eye, George, [1984] 1993. Cabbagetown Remembered. Toronto: Stoddart.

Salnek, Margo, 2005. Coach Houses of Toronto. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press.

Sauriol, Charles, 1981. Remembering the Don. Scarborough: Amethyst.

Sauriol, Charles, 1984. Tales of the Don. Toronto: Natural Heritage / Natural History.

Sauriol, Charles, 1984. A Beeman’s Journey. Toronto: Natural Heritage / Natural History.

Sauriol, Charles, 1991. Green Roots: Recollections of a Grassroots Conservationist. Hemlock Press.

Sauriol, Charles, 1992. Trails of the Don. Hemlock Press.

Sauriol, Charles, 1995. Pioneers of the Don. Toronto: self-published.

Scadding, Henry [edited by Frederick H. Armstrong], 1966; 1987. Toronto of Old. Toronto: Oxford University Press (1966); Dundurn (1987). [Revised editions of Scadding’s classic book, published originally in 1873; second edition 1878.] The 1978 edition of Toronto of Old is electronically accessible here.

Seeley, John R., R. Alexander Sim and Elizabeth W. Loosley, 1956. Crestwood Heights: A Study of the Culture of Suburban Life. New York: Basic Books / Toronto: University of Toronto Press. [sociological study of Forest Hill.]

Sewell, John, 1972. Up Against City Hall. Toronto: James Lewis & Samuel.

Sewell, John, 1993. The Shape of the City: Toronto Struggles with Modern Planning. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Sewell, John, 2009. The Shape of the Suburbs: Understanding Toronto’s Sprawl. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Sexton, Rosemary, 1993. The Glitter Girls: Charity & Vanity: Chronicles of an Era of Excess. Toronto: Macmillan Canada.

Seymour, Murray, 2000. Toronto’s Ravines: Walking The Hidden Country. Toronto: Boston Mills.

Shadd, Adrienne, Afua Cooper, Karolyn Smardz Frost, 2005. The Underground Railroad: Next Stop Toronto. Toronto: Natural Heritage Books.

Sharp, Joanne P., 1996. Locating imaginary homelands: Literature, geography, and Salman Rushdie. Geojournal, 38: 119-127.

Sharpe, David, 1987. Rochdale, the Runaway College. Toronto: Anansi.

Sharpe, William and Leonard Wallcock, eds., 1987. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Simmins, Geoffrey, 1997. Fred Cumberland: Building the Victorian Dream. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Simpson-Housley, Paul and Glen Norcliffe, eds., 1992. A Few Acres of Snow: Literary and Artistic Images of Canada. Toronto: Dundurn.

Slaight, Annabel (ed.) and members of the Toronto Chapter of Architects, 1972. Exploring Toronto. Toronto: Architecture Canada.

Smith, Stephen, 1999. “For whom the books toll: why literary history (local or otherwise) matters [review of Greg Gatensby’s Toronto: A Literary Guide]. Quill & Quire, 65(6): page 54.

Sniedzins, Ernest,ed., 1996. Who’s Who in Toronto: A Celebration of This City. Toronto: Community Homes for the Mentally Handicapped Association (CHMH).

Solomon, Lawrence, 2007. Toronto Sprawls. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Solnit, Rebecca, 2000. Wanderlust: A History of Walking. New York: Penguin. See especially Chapter 11: “The Solitary Stroller and the City”.

Solnit, Rebecca, 2005. A Field Guide to Getting Lost. New York: Viking.

Speisman, Stephen A., 1979. The Jews of Toronto: A History to 1937. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Spremo, Boris, 1967. Toronto. Toronto: McGraw-Hill. [photographs]

Squire, Shelagh J., 1996. Landscapes, places and geographic spaces: Texts of Beatrix Potter as cultural communication. Geojournal, 38: 75-86.

Srigley, Katrina, 2009. Breadwinning Daughters: Young Working Women in a Depression-Era City, 1929-1939. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Stein, David Lewis, 1993. Going Downtown: Reflections on Urban Progress. Ottawa: Oberon.

Stevens, John, ed., 1975. The Urban Experience. A volume of the Themes in Canadian Literature series. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada. [short stories, prose and poetry focused on urban Canada, including a number of works set in Toronto.]

Stiegelbauer, Suzanne M., 1996. What is an elder? What do elders do? First nation elders as teachers in culture-based urban organizations [in Toronto]. Canadian Journal of Native Studies, 16(1): 37-.

Stock, Brian, 1993. “Reading, Community and a Sense of Place”, in Place/Culture/Representation, ed. James Duncan and David Ley. London: Routledge. see pages 313-328.

Strange, Carolyn, 1995. Toronto’s Girl Problem: The Perils and Pleasures of the City, 1880-1930. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Studies in Canadian Literature. Scholarly journal published since 1976. At York University: Scott Library ==> PS 8001 S8.

Stuewe, Paul, 1984. Clearing the Ground: English-Canadian Literature After Survival. Toronto: Proper Tales Press.

Steuwe, Paul, 1988. The Storms Below: The Turbulent Life and Times of Hugh Garner. Toronto: Lorimer.

Sullivan, Rosemary, 1995. Shadow Maker: the Life of Gwendolyn MacEwen. Toronto: HarperCollins Canada.

Sward, Robert, 1983. The Toronto Islands. Toronto: Dreadnaught.

Taylor, Charles, 1977. Six Journeys: A Canadian Pattern. Toronto: Anansi. [Essays; see especially Taylor’s extended discussion of Scott Symons, 189-243]

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